A paradise found on seven thousand islands among the seas and oceans, all in the Philippines. Wonderful surfing, great beach holidays and exotic nature. The Philippines is home to 7107 small islands washed by the warm waters of the Pacific Ocean. The pleasant and mild climate, amazing natural beauty, mysterious healers and the possibility of romantic adventures attract tourists all year round. The Philippine coastline has endless sandy beaches, crystal clear water, underwater coral gardens, and rich marine life. This is one of the few places in the world where you realize that the magic word "exotic" has not lost its original meaning. Manila, the capital and largest city of the Philippines, is located on the southwest coast of Luzon, at the confluence of the Pacific River and the Manila Bay of the South China Sea. "Big Manila is the largest urban agglomeration in the world, with 16 satellite towns, the largest of which are Quezon City (the former capital of the Philippines from 1948 to 1976), Caloocan, Mandaluyong, Malabon, Makati, San Juan del Monte, Paranyake, Pasai, Navotas (fishing harbor).
The Republic of the Philippines, an island nation in South-East Asia located in the western Pacific, is part of the Malay Archipelago. It is part of the Pacific volcanic fire ring. The closest neighbors are Taiwan, Indonesia (Sulawesi), Malaysia (Sabah). The time differs from the Moscow time by four hours upwards, UTC/GMT +8. The Philippine currency is Philippine peso.
The coastline is the fifth longest in the world, washed by the South China, Philippines and Sulawesi Seas. The Philippine archipelago is 3000 km long from north to south and 900 km long from east to west. The territory includes 7107 islands - 300 000 km² (comparable to the Tomsk region), less than a thousand of them inhabited, and a third - does not even have its own names. The largest are Luzon, Mindanao, Mindoro, Palavan, and Visayi.
Half of the Filipinos live on the island of Luzon, where the capital is located - Manila. The population is one hundred million people, about eleven million of them are abroad: every year one million Filipinos go to study or work in other countries of the world. Among them, there are highly skilled professionals, but most of them are engaged in low-wage work, in Italy, for example, where there are approximately 250,000 Filipinos, the word "filippina" has become synonymous with the word "housekeeper".
Cash inflows from abroad make up a large part of the country's economy - almost ten percent of GDP. The Philippines is an agrarian-industrial country, which is the world's main supplier of coconuts and one of the largest - bananas, pineapples and rice. The agricultural sector accounts for 32 per cent of the working-age population and 14 per cent of GDP. Half of the population works in the service sector (56% of GDP). In the industrial sector - 14% (GDP 30%). Unemployment - 8%.
The Philippines is a multi-ethnic country with dozens of peoples and nationalities that speak 400 languages and dialects. The largest peoples are the Wisayas, Tagalas, Ilokas and Moro. There are a lot of representatives of small peoples, including the indigenous inhabitants of the islands - the aeta. In the 1970s, the Tasadai-Manube people were discovered and were believed to have existed in isolation for about a thousand years without knowing what was happening in the outside world.
The history of the state known to us as the Philippines began when the Spanish explorer Rui López de Villalobos named the islands of the archipelago, first visited by Europeans on the Magellan expedition in 1521, after the prince and later King Philip II of Spain - Las Islas Filipinas. It happened in 1543. And until the end of the nineteenth century, the islands were part of the Spanish Empire.
In the pre-Spanish period, the islands were already inhabited by the Negro peoples (aeta) - the Australoids and the settlers of the second and third waves - the Australoesians, in other words - the Malaysians.
There are several theories about who were the first settlers in the Philippines, how their development went through the Stone Age, the Bronze Age and the Metal Age, there is no accurate opinion when human-like people first appeared on the islands - fifty or twenty thousand years ago, but anthropologists, historians and geologists more or less converged on the fact that in the fifth century there was already a civilization.
It is believed that in the eighth century the Philippines was visited by Chinese traders, and in the fourteenth century Arabs brought Islam to the archipelago.
By the end of the eighteenth century, resistance to Spanish rule had emerged among the Muslim and Chinese diaspora. Within a hundred years, Spanish speaking Filipino Catholics, mestizos and Creoles had joined the struggle for independence.
In 1898, as a result of the Spanish-American War, the Philippines passed to the United States. Around the same time, the leaders of the rebel movement declared their independence. The Philippines-American War began, which continued unofficially until 1913. Only in 1935, the Philippines received autonomy status within the U.S. and achieved final independence in 1946.
The same year, the Philippine language became official. At the heart of it is Tagalog (the language of the capital and the revolutions), with inclusions of Spanish and English. It belongs to the Australian language family. English is also the official language.
Manila is a conglomerate of 18 cities that form a single metropolis. There is an interestingly designed Museum of the National Hero of Dr. Riesal and his national park, a memorial with mosaic maps of the battles for the Philippines, the national exhibition WOW Philippines, an ancient stone church, museums.
In the oldest district of the capital there is an interesting Santiago Fort (16th century), miraculously preserved after the most brutal bombing of the city in 1945. No less interesting is the Catholic Cathedral of Manila, St. Augustine's Cathedral, as well as Rojas Bulvar Street, given for numerous entertainment facilities for adults.
In the province of Benghet, 250 km from Manila, is interesting mountain resort Bagio - "summer" capital of the country, located at an altitude of 1525 m above sea level. In addition to mild climate and clean air, there are interesting sights there: Menshn Mansion (summer residence of the government of the country), "Bell Temple", picturesque crystalline massifs of surrounding rocks and ancient burial places. Nearby is the Lingayen bay with "one hundred islands", which are actually about 400.
To the heap: snorkeling, water skiing and parasailing, canoe trips around the islands, trekking and mountaineering, cycling and speleology, beach volleyball, Frisbee and basketball, golf.
Some resorts have a very vibrant nightlife with night clubs, discos and disco bars, outdoor dance floors, beach parties, casinos and gaming rooms.
Diving in the Philippines is one of the most vibrant and diverse in the world. You bet: tropical seas washing 7 thousand Philippine islands are constantly enriched by currents coming from the shores of Japan, the Pacific Ocean, South China and Indian Seas, and even the legendary "diving sea" Sulawesi. That is why there is such an amazing variety of corals, sponges and gorgonariums, fish and shells, invertebrates and other marine life off the coast of the archipelago.
The beach of Puraran on Catanduanes, southeast of Luzon, is considered one of the main surf destinations in the Philippines. Northwest of Manila, you can ride the wave in Bagasbasa, San Fernando or San Juan. Northeast of Luzon is known for the small town of Baller, which, by the way, has made several famous Hollywood movies. All these places are no more than four hours away by bus from the capital. Other popular surf spots on Luzon are Pugudpud, La Union for Beginners, Vigan and Zambales in the west of the island. The latter is perfect for beginners thanks to its convenient sandy water inlet.
Boracay also has some good waves on Balabog beach. In January, it even hosts the International Funboard Cup.
January 1 - New Year
1 day of lunar calendar - Chinese New Year
January 9th is Black Nazarian Day in Manila.
The third week of January is Aqlan province's "Ati-Atihan" religious festival.
February - Baguio Flower Festival and International Bamboo Festival in Las Pinas
February 25 - EDSA Revolution Day
Thursday and Friday before Easter - Good Thursday and Good Friday
March-April - Catholic Easter
April 9 - Day of Courage
May 1 - Labor Day
May 12 - St. Roch's Bride Festival in Manila
May-June - Mango Festival
June 12 - Independence Day
Third week of June - water festival in Kavita in honor of John the Baptist.
August 21 is the anniversary of the death of Benigno Aquino.
Third week of August - harvest festival in Kadayavan Sa Dabao
Last Monday of August - National Heroes Day
September - Bonok-Bonok Folklore Festival in Surigao
November 1 - All Saints Day
November 2 - All Souls Day
November 30 - Birthday of Bonifacio, one of the leaders of the Philippine Revolution.
December 30 - Birthday of national hero Riesal.
December 31 - New Year's Eve
The Philippines is ranked 12th among the world's most populous countries, with a population of 90 million.
The Philippines has over 200 volcanoes, although only a few are active.
The Philippine flag is the only flag in the world where colors can be changed in places: in wartime, the upper band turns red, the lower band turns blue, and in peacetime, vice versa.
In the Philippine Tabon Cave Complex, fossils of Man of Reason were found. According to research, this area was inhabited about fifty thousand years ago.
On the slopes of the Philippine Cordilleras are Rice Terraces, whose history counts two thousand years. They are considered UNESCO World Heritage sites.
The first European to visit the Philippines was the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan.
The highest point of the Philippines is Mount Apo, located on the island of Mindanao, its height reaches 2 954 meters.
About 80% of the country's population is Catholic.
The Philippine people have different ethnic origins, such as Malay, Chinese, Spanish, American, etc.
This country received its name after King Philip II of Spain.
The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is named after the mangrove tree with white flowers (nilad).
Between 1521 and 1898, the Philippines was a Spanish colony. Subsequently, the archipelago was taken over by the United States.